The New York State Optometric Association Vision Screening Battery (NYSOA) was administered to 81 at-risk elementary, middle school, and high school students in order to rule out vision difficulties as contributing to academic difficulties. Thirty three were classified as both academically and behaviorally at risk. Ninety- seven per cent of the students with behavioral problems failed at least one of the NYSOA subtests. A chi-square statistical analysis revealed that students who were academically and behaviorally at risk scored significantly lower on the tracking, stereopsis, hyperopia, and color vision subtests. The results of this screening were also compared to several measures of academic achievement and subjective visual and academic assessment questionnaires.
. . . Hundreds of publications in diverse academic fields have been written about students with unsatisfactory academic achievement. According to Donmoyer and Kos,1 700,000 students drop out of high school each year. Dropout rates for minority youth are twice that of white students. The vast majority of academically at-risk students are from low socio-economic backgrounds and often display characteristics such as poor school attendance and anti-social behavior. Many at-risk students come from dysfunctional families characterized by substance abuse, psychotic disorder, and family violence.2 . . .